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Treatment & Management of Eye Disease

The doctors at B-Town Eyecare are experienced in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of ocular diseases. The following are explanations for some common eye diseases. In addition, we have included photos from our doctors’ personal encounters with patients! Whatever your medical needs, our doctors have the experience and knowledge assist with the preservation of your vision and the health of your eyes.

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Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the production of tears is reduced or the quality of the tear film is poor. It is often a chronic problem and associated with many systemic health issues. Symptoms include irritation, redness, burning, contact lens intolerance and blurred vision. Use of artificial lubricants or prescription medications can alleviate these symptoms. Sometimes this mode of treatment is not enough, and small collagen or silicone plugs can be placed in the drainage ducts (puncta) of the eye in order to allow for retention of the natural tears. This routine procedure can often result in significant relief from Dry Eye Syndrome. Ask Dr. Bansal about this and other treatment options for dry eye, including Restasis.

Keratoconus

Keratoconus

Keratoconus

Keratoconus is an eye condition which causes the dome shaped cornea (the window of the eye) to become thin and irregularly shaped. Often the misshapen cornea looks like a cone, hence the name kerato (meaning cornea) conus (cone shaped). The onset of Keratoconus is typically after puberty and progression is usually slow. Symptoms include blurring of vision both with and without the use of prescription correction. This blur can often times be corrected with the use of gas permeable lenses (RGPs). These specialty lenses are fit to hug the irregular curvature of the cornea without causing any additional damage. Advanced cases of Keratoconus require surgical intervention. The most common treatment is corneal transplantation. A new procedure called corneal crosslinking, however, has shown promising results for slowing the progression of Keratoconus by increasing the overall integrity of the corneal tissue.

 

Pterygium

Pterygium

Pterygium

Pterygium is a noncancerous growth of the clear tissue which covers the white part of the eye. This growth is seen as a triangular shaped membrane which infringes on the edge of the cornea. Chronic UV exposure and dryness are often factors contributing to the development of a Pterygium. Symptoms can include redness, irritation, foreign body sensation and in advanced cases distortion of vision. Pterygium should be monitored yearly and can be removed surgically to improve cosmetic appearance and vision.

 

 

Cataract

Cataract

Cataract

Cataract formation often results from aging and UV exposure. Certain medications, systemic illness such as diabetes, and smoking can also contribute to the development of cataracts. This change in the eye is observed when looking at the lens, which is a structure positioned behind the colored part of the eye. When a cataract forms the lens can become yellow or have dot or spoke shaped obstructions. A cataract usually progresses very slowly, however with certain health issues, cataracts can progress more rapidly. Symptoms include blurred vision, increased glare, reduced color perception, and light sensitivity. When a cataract becomes fully mature it is often removed surgically and vision is fully restored.

 

 

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition that can occur when an individual’s blood sugar level remains high or uncontrolled for long periods of time. This elevation in blood sugar results in weakening of the blood vessel wall. Eventually, these vessels can leak fluid and blood into the retina (the tissue in the back of the eye). The resulting damage can lead to blurred vision but oftentimes individuals with diabetic retinopathy do not have any symptoms. Some leakages will resolve spontaneously with improved management of blood sugar while others require surgical intervention. It is therefore recommended that individuals with Type I and Type II diabetes have their eyes examined on an annual basis to reduce the risk for development of diabetic retinopathy.

 

 

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is a medical condition which often leads to central vision loss in adults over the age of fifty. It affects the retina which is located in the back of the eye. Symptoms include difficulty reading, seeing faces, and distinguishing detail. In the early stages of macular degeneration, yellow deposits called drusen form between the retina and the underlying vascular tissue called the choroid. This is referred to as dry macular degeneration. Some cases of macular degeneration progress further as blood vessels form and leak fluid into the retina. This is referred to as wet macular degeneration. Light eyed, fair skinned, female Caucasians are in a higher risk group for the development of macular degeneration. Cardiovascular disease and a history of smoking can also be contributing factors. Macular degeneration is often manage with lifestyle changes, vitamin supplementation, and surgical intervention. Prevention of this condition, however, is key. UV protection, a diet rich in antioxidants, and an overall healthy lifestyle can greatly reduce risk for development of macular degeneration in the future.

 

These are examples of some common cases of ocular disease. If you have other health issues, your primary care doctor may advise you to have a comprehensive dilated eye exam performed by an eye specialist. We encourage you to contact our office and we will work with your primary care provider to get you taken care of.

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